145 years ago, on September 11, 1877, a man was born, the mention of whose name is still capable of dividing any audience into two unequal parts. However, these very parts will still be equal to at least one parameter — by the degree of mutual hostility, and then and hatred. Person's name — Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky.
One side considers Dzerzhinsky a bloody executioner and a sadist who, having led the Cheka, gave free rein to his dark psychopathic instincts. Another part — a bright knight of the revolution, who, perhaps, had to give orders for executions, but only for the cause. And if you figure it out, then maybe he didn shoot a little…
Both those and them actively recruit supporters, but I don don't want to join to one side. For the simple reason that they are both fantastically ignorant. The level of their knowledge and thinking was perfectly conveyed by writer Vladislav Krapivinin & nbsp; his autobiographical story “Once they played”: “For a long time I” was sure that the name “Dzerzhinsky” spelled without the letter «z» — “Derzhinsky”. My elder brother told me about a revolutionary hero who was famous for catching enemies of Soviet power and spies. — Ah! So that's why it's such a name! — happily guessed I. — When he caught him, he shouted: “Hold him!”
In general, everything is clear — in Dzerzhinsky they see only exclusively the Chairman of the Cheka — All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for combating counter-revolution and sabotage. If you like — “Chief Chekist” who runs around shouting: “Keep him!” Well and, of course, he treats those whom he “holds” according to the laws of the revolutionary time…
Such delusions can be readily forgiven to children. Unfortunately, recently, adults have to forgive them too. In any case, to those who draw information from Internet encyclopedias, who say this about Dzerzhinsky's occupation: “Professional revolutionary, political figure.”
This is the very half-truth, which is much worse than a direct lie. Dzerzhinsky spent almost nine years in the highest echelons of Soviet power — from December 1917 to July 1926 And now let's see what exactly Iron Felix was doing. Until April 1921, he really was only the Chairman of the Cheka and People's Commissar of Internal Affairs. In April 1921, a purely economic — — People's Commissar of Communications. And in February, 1924, he ceasing to deal with railways, as he takes the post of Chairman of the Supreme Council of National Economy — Supreme Council of the National Economy. And works in as until their death.
Even a cursory review shows that "only a Chekist" Dzerzhinsky was less than four years old. And & nbsp; held high economic positions for more than five years. By and large, he should not be called "Knight of the Revolution", but, for example, "Iron Supply Manager". Or, say, the “Knight of Industrialization.”
It was here that the talents of this extraordinary person were truly revealed. He proved himself to be a manager of the highest caliber. Especially when you consider that he didn received any specialized education.
In 1921, many railway workers, having learned about Dzerzhinsky's new appointment, fell into horror. Firstly, “a terrible security officer, he will put him against the wall.” Secondly — well obviously is not a man in his place! What does he know about railroads?
Dzerzhinsky smashed both of these theses with a single, but certainly the right move. Until the famous phrase of Comrade Stalin “Cadres decide everything” remained 14 years. Yes and Iosif Vissarionovich himself against the background of Dzerzhinsky was then barely visible. It is quite possible that the People's Commissar for Nationalities Affairs was just looking at Dzerzhinsky's actions, shaking his Caucasian moustache.
The fact is that Dzerzhinsky began his work not with sleepers, not with rails, not with materiel and fuel, but just with cadres. The doublet was perfect — The following people were immediately invited to the People's Commissariat of Railways for the role of leading specialists. Ivan Borisov. Former Privy Councilor, Comrade (Deputy) Minister of Railways of the tsarist government. And following — Alexander Liverovsky, Minister of Railways of the Provisional Government. Both — class enemies. In theory, our chief Chekist, who is also a "fanatic and sadist", should immediately waste them . However, this is what the real Dzerzhinsky, and not drawn in someone's imagination, thought and said: “The main thing is to find great responsible specialists, regardless of their political views, if only they would work honestly.” After the first same conversation with Dzerzhinsky, the “class enemy” Ivan Borisovimbued with & nbsp; great respect for him and & nbsp; himself begins to actively attract old specialists: «You in vain you worry, gentlemen! You can work with Dzerzhinsky, if, of course, you work honestly".
Please note — and in the words of Dzerzhinsky, and in the words of Borisov the key concept — “honest work”. What meaning did Dzerzhinsky put into this concept, being already at head of the Supreme Council of National Economy — the largest economic structure of the state?
Familiarizing today with his business correspondence, with his speeches and decisions, sometimes you think that now such a person would be very handy.
“I was recently told that in one of the largest trusts up to 40% of the funds are spent on the upkeep of the apparatus in comparison with what is paid to the workers. This organization is no good if it makes such an expense for its maintenance. It seems that these words of Dzerzhinsky will be willingly signed by hundreds and thousands of modern workers, strangled by the “management revolution”, when there are up to a dozen incomprehensible “development directors”, “communication managers” for one really working person. , "promotion consultants" and other parasites.
And here are a few words of Dzerzhinsky about the work of the apparatus of officials: &ldash; mountains of papers and & nbsp; hundreds of thousands of hacks; captures of large buildings and premises; car epidemic; millions of excesses. This is legal feeding and devouring state property — this locust. In addition to this, unheard of, shameless bribery, embezzlement … ” Are need comments here? Hardly.
Well but his speech at XIV Moscow Provincial Conference of the Russian Communist Party (b) looks and at all as if it was spoken today: “The issue of import and export is one of the most our most difficult and most dangerous sectors… In order not to fall into bondage from foreign capitalists, who follow every step and they will immediately try to use it, for this we must work hard».
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