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The Pontiff sent a telegram of condolences to the daughter of the first President of the USSR Irina Gorbacheva -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/0/83/756619679367830.jpg" alt="The Pope noted Gorbachev's activities in the "epoch of important changes"" />

Pope Francis

Pope Francis expressed his condolences on the death of the first President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev. He sent a telegram to the politician's daughter, Irina, in which he stated that he condoled with Gorbachev's family and those “who saw him as a respected statesman.” and maintaining “harmony and brotherhood among peoples.”

Gorbachev died on August 30 after a long kidney disease. He was 91 years old. The politician will be buried on Saturday at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow, next to his wife Raisa, who died in 1999.

The time of Gorbachev's rule of the Soviet Union (1985-1991) went down in history as “Perestroika”. During this period, the authorities carried out reforms aimed at democratizing society, the political and economic system. The withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan was completed, the Cold War ended, Germany was united, democratic transformations took place in the USSR (glasnost was introduced, censorship of Western culture was abolished, citizenship was returned to many dissidents expelled from the country). On the other hand, a difficult economic situation developed in the country, and separatist sentiments grew in the union republics— as a result, the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, and Gorbachev resigned.

In 1990, the President of the USSR was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for “leading role in the peace process, which today characterizes an important part of the life of the international community».

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Источник rbc.ru

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